Hummingbirds exclusively exist in the Americas, where there are roughly 338 different species. Their amazing capacity for prolonged hovering and even backward flying distinguishes them from other species. Hummingbird males are among the most colorful birds in the world despite their small size, frequently donning a variety of highly colorful and dazzling wings to attract females. These incredibly adaptable birds can live in almost any environment, including rainforests, hot, dry deserts, and the extreme cold of the Andes.
Here are 10 of the world’s most amazing hummingbirds. Enjoy!
10. Broad-Billed Hummingbird
A small-sized hummingbird, the broad-billed hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris), can be found in Mexico and the southwestern United States. Its length is approximately 8–10 cm (3.1–3.9 in), its weight is only 3–4 grams, and its long, vivid reddish-colored bill with a black tip. This little hummingbird displays sex differences; the male is a vivid metallic green with white under tail coverts, a dark blue throat, and a broad, blackish-blue tail, while the female has a pale abdomen, a white eyestripe, and tail feathers with white tips.
9. Ecuadorian HillstarPhoto Credits – Javier Zurita Wildlife Photography
The Ecuadorian hillstar[EH] is a species of hummingbird that is exclusive to the Ecuadorian Andes and very southern Colombia. It lives in high-altitude mountain grassland between 3500 and 5200 m. This species has a length of 12 cm and a weight of 8 g. The male has dark olive-green upper parts with blackish outer flight feathers and a glistening purplish-blue hood that is visible on its head and upper throat. The female’s upper parts are a light bronze-green color, and her throat is whitish with numerous brown circular markings.
8. Marvellous spatuletailPhoto Credits – Andre Baertschi
The Marvelous spatuletail (Loddigesia mirabilis) is an Endangered species of hummingbird that is native to northern Peru and belongs to the tribe Heliantheini in the subfamily Lesbiinae. The two extended tail feathers with bare shafts that cross each other and may move separately are the male’s defining characteristic. These feathers can grow to be three to four times as long as the body. Each feather has a big violet-blue “spatule,” or racquet. Two lengthy undertail coverts support the two remaining tail feathers, which are shorter and narrower.
7. Sword-Billed HummingbirdPhoto Credits – Ondrej Prosicky
A neotropical species of hummingbird found in the Andean areas of South America, the sword-billed hummingbird, is the sole representative of the genus Ensifera. The majority of their upper feathers are a shimmery green, while the female’s lower feathers are white with greenish-black patches and the male’s lower feathers are paler. It is one of the largest hummingbird species and stands out for having a beak that is larger than the rest of its body—excluding the tail—making it unique among birds.
6. Green-Crowned Brilliant
Photo Credits – Jeff Dyck
The Green-crowned Brilliant is a big, strong hummingbird that lives in the highlands from western Ecuador to Costa Rica. It normally lives between 700 and 2,000 meters above sea level and prefers to live in moist mountain forests with edges, gaps, and thick second growth. The average male length is 13 cm (5.1 in), and their weight is 9.5 g. (0.34 oz). With a sparkling green crest, forehead, throat, and breast, its feathers is primarily bronze-green. The area behind its eye is white.
5. Velvet-purple CoronetPhoto Credits – Frank Metcalf
The Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissonneaua jardini) is a member of the Trochilidae family of hummingbirds. Native to humid foothill forests on the West Andean slope in western Colombia and north-western Ecuador, this South American hummingbird is found nowhere else in the world. Its eye-catching colorful appearance is composed of greenish-blue on the back, rufous on the underwing feathers, a bluish-purple underside and crown, and green on the upper wing feathers. The outer flying feathers, which contrast with the black body feathers, may appear to be the only color depending on the lighting..
4. Violet-tailed Sylph
Photo Credits – Jim Frandeen
At heights ranging from 300 to 2100 meters, Colombia and Ecuador are home to the South American hummingbird known as the Violet-tailed Sylph. The male can be identified by his long blue-violet tail, which sets him apart from the female in terms of looks. The length of the males, which includes the outer tail feathers, is 18 to 21 cm (7.1 to 8.3 in) long (3.9 to 5.9 in). The length of a female is 9.5 to 9.7 cm (3.7 to 3.8 in).
3. Anna’s HummingbirdPhoto Credits – Kyle Blaney
Breeding grounds for this species are in Vancouver, Canada, southern Baja, California, and eastern Arizona. The male Anna’s hummingbird is the only species of hummingbird in North America with a red crown. The male has a vivid rose-red throat and head, and the color continues down the sides of the neck. Females and young males have dull green crowns, gray chests, and bellies with or without red iridescent flecks and dull green crowns.
2. Green violetear hummingbirdPhoto Credits – Jon Cornforth
From Costa Rica to northern South America, the Green Violetear (Colibri thalassinus) is a vibrant hummingbird. Mexican violetear, also known as Colibri thalassinus, and Lesser violetear are the two species that make up the Green violetear (Colibri cyanotus). They typically choose settings with higher humidity levels and altitudes, including cloud forests. They are medium-sized hummingbirds, with a total length of 9.7 to 12 cm (3.8 to 4.7 in).
1.Fiery-throated hummingbirdPhoto Credits – Jess Findlay Photography
A medium-sized hummingbird found in the Talamancan highland forests of western Panama and Costa Rica is the Fiery-throated Hummingbird (Panterpe insignis). The majority of the time, you can find them in scrub near the edges of forests and in clearings at elevations of 1,400 m (4,600 feet) or higher. Their typical length is 11 cm or 4.3 inches, and their weight is 5.7 g or 0.2 oz. Their feet are a dark shade, and their bill is straight.